Celexa is an antidepressant drug present in the group of the SSRIs. Celexa is the brand name of the drug citaloprim. They are quite popular as an antidepressant in many countries and is used as a off label for other conditions.
Mechanism of action
Celexa is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRIs which works by increasing the brain activity and improves the mood. It basically balances the imbalanced neurotransmitter like nor adrenaline and dopamine and increases its activity so that the neurotransmitters communicate properly. When serotonin activity increases the mood stabilizes.
It is mainly used in panic disorder and depression. Other uses of Celexa are an anxiety disorder, premenstrual syndrome, body dismorphic syndrome, dysthmia, hot flashes obsessive compulsive disorder and diabetic neuropathy. These are some other uses which depend on medication.
Dosage and administration
It is mostly taken orally and in one dose either in morning or evening. You can take it with or without food but with food, you have less chances of getting nauseous.
Celexa can be given at an initial dose of 20mg once daily with an increase of 40mg maximum only after 1 week of administering 20mg dosage. Doses above 40mg are risky and usually not
The most common side-effects:
- headache, drowsiness;
- dry mouth, increased sweating;
- increased appetite, nausea, diarrhoea, gas;
- fast heartbeats, feeling shaky;
- sleep problems (insomnia), feeling tired;
- cold signs such as sneezing,stuffy nose, sore throat;
- changes in weight
- problem concentrating or memorizing
- blurred vision, eye swelling,
- headache with chest pain and severe dizziness
- fast or pounding heartbeats
- light-headed feeling
- uneven heartbeats,
- high fever,
If any of the above happens please call your doctor immediately and stop the medication.
Precaution and warning
Give full family history to your doctor. Do not consume alcohol if you’re on celexa because side-effects may occur. Also, do not stop or start your medication without consulting doctor. Celexa can impair your reactions or thinking so doesn’t drive while on celexa it may cause accidents. If you have any allergic reactions please tell your doctor about it because celexa contains some inactive ingredient which can cause allergic reactions.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
This drug should only be used in pregnancy if absolutely necessary as it may harm the fetus. This drug passes into the breast milk, therefore, it is not recommended to breast feed while on this drug.
Drugs like cimetidine, St. John’s wort, lithium, and warfarin (blood thinning drugs), aspirin and triptan (migraine medication) are some of the drugs that can never be taken be citaloprim because it can cause side-effects which can be serious considering person to person.